Anthropology as spiritual exercise
The very title of the article contains a clear reference to the concept of Pierre Hadot, for whom the category of exercices spirituels was best suited to the description of philosophy in Antiquity, though even he regarded it as something of more than just historical signifi cance. A diagnosis of modern reflection on human nature, presented e.g. by Lindsay Waters, suggests that “spiritual exercises” in their existential dimension, “exercises” not limited to thinking drills but requiring wholesale commitment and having such consequences, provide perhaps the best description of what the humanities are and should be. Augustine’s Tolle, lege interpreted in this manner is used with reference to Pavel Muratov’s Images of Italy.