The idea of the great Anthropocene: Hostile takeover or anthropodicy?
The article discusses claims and postulates of the so-called An Ecomodernist Manifesto, signed in 2015 by such intellectuals as Ted Nordhaus, Michael Shellenberger, Ruth de Vries or David W. Keith. Ecomodernists (or ecopragmatists, as they liked to be called) believe in the possibility of creating the great or at least the good Anthropocene. Their theses are subsequently confronted in the text with a strong critical response articulated in A Degrowth Response to An Ecomodernist Manifesto, published in the same year.
The presentation of the discussion is additionally enriched by the analysis of other arguments, invoked by such scholars as an Australian economist Clive Hamilton, an American ecosocialist Ian Angus, an Irish expert of environmental security Simon Dalby and a French sociologist and philosopher Bruno Latour. The aforementioned researchers interpret the ecomodernist idea of the good Anthropocene as un unjustified techno-optimism, as an attempt to hijack the idea of the Anthropocene, as a kind of highly controversial anthropodicy, and as groundless technological or neoliberal optimism upheld by the privileged groups in the developed world.